The purpose of standardized tests is to give colleges a quantifiable method to evaluate all their applicants on an equal level. Comparison of grades received in courses or on exams is not always enough because different schools have different academic standards throughout the world. An admissions counselor/officer at a university has no way of determining how challenging the Calculus or Economics course you took was. By comparing your score on a standardized test to the score of another student who took the same standardized test, the counselor has a better idea of how the two of you compare.
Most standardized tests are designed to measure a student’s skills, rather than a student’s amount of knowledge. The questions in these tests evaluate your ability to solve problems, not your knowledge of facts (such as important historical dates, or parts of the human anatomy).
Most of the US colleges and universities require that all their applicants take one or more standardized tests. These tests include the SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test), GRE (Graduate Record Examination), and GMAT (Graduate Management Admission Test). Additionally, applicants who are not Americans are required to also take the TOEFL (Test of English as Foreign Language) or IELTS.
International students applying for an undergraduate program (Associate and Bachelor’s degrees) will be required to take the TOEFL and the SAT tests. There are also many schools that will admit without the SAT score. Graduate students applying to an Arts, Engineeringor science program will be required to take the TOEFL and usually, the GRE. Graduate students applying to a business program and other management-related programs will be required to take the TOEFL and usually, the GMAT.
At the undergraduate level, some universities may ask for a good score in the SAT Subject Test. Likewise, some top schools may ask for GRE Subject score for admission purpose, in addition to SAT Reasoning and GRE General Tests respectively. More details on these specialized tests are given in the individual sections of the respective test.
Universities in UK doesn’t require students to under go GRE for the admission into science or other masters programmes. But some top business schools like London School of Business (LBS), University of Manchester etc. might require students to submit GMAT scores . IELTS or TOEFL scores are accepted as a proof of English language proficiency (Please note that students with very good marks like 65% and abovein English in their 10th and 12th standard might get an English requirement waiver from the universities)
Universities in Australia also follow the same pattern as their counter parts in UK in terms of standardized tests. Students are not require to undergo GRE for admission into Master’s level programmes.But some top business schools like Melbourne Business School require students to submit GMAT scores . IELTS or TOEFL scores are accepted as a proof of English language proficiency for University admission purposes (remember students with very good marks like 70% and above marks in English in their 10th and 12th standard might get an English requirement waiver) But it is mandatory to have a decent score in IELTS (usually above 5.5 bands, depending upon the level) in order to apply for Australian student visa.
For full details on each of the tests, please click on: