As the dominant industrial and maritime power of the 19th century, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland played a leading role in developing parliamentary democracy and in advancing literature and science. At its zenith, the British Empire stretched over one-fourth of the earth’s surface. The first half of the 20th century saw the UK’s strength seriously depleted in two World Wars and the Irish republic withdraw from the union. The second half witnessed the dismantling of the Empire and the UK rebuilding itself into a modern and prosperous European nation. As one of five permanent members of the UN Security Council, a founding member of NATO, and of the Commonwealth, the UK pursues a global approach to foreign policy; it currently is weighing the degree of its integration with continental Europe.
The UK, a leading trading power, and financial center, is one of the quintets of trillion dollar economies of Western Europe. Over the past two decades, the government has greatly reduced public ownership and contained the growth of social welfare programs. Agriculture is intensive, highly mechanized, and efficient by European standards, producing about 60% of food needs with less than 2% of the labor force. The UK has large coal, natural gas, and oil resources, but its oil and natural gas reserves are declining and the UK became a net importer of energy in 2005; energy industries now contribute about 4% to GDP. Services, particularly banking, insurance, and business services, account by far for the largest proportion of GDP while industry continues to decline in importance. Since emerging from recession in 1992, Britain’s economy enjoyed the longest period of expansion on record during which time growth outpaced most of Western Europe. The global economic slowdown, tight credit, and falling home prices, however, pushed Britain back into recession in the latter half of 2008 and prompted the BROWN government to implement a number of new measures to stimulate the economy and stabilize the financial markets; these include part-nationalizing the banking system, cutting taxes, suspending public sector borrowing rules, and bringing forward public spending on capital projects. The Bank of England periodically coordinates interest rate moves with the European Central Bank, but Britain remains outside the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), and opinion polls show a majority of Britons oppose joining the euro.
Britain is an island country and the surrounding sea gives England a varied climate. We never know what the weather will be like from one day to the other. It can be sunny one day and rainy the next. It is difficult to predict the weather. In general UK experiences warm summers and cool winters. The summers are cooler than those on the continent, but the winters are milder. Overall, the climate is temperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current; more than one-half of the days are overcast.
There is a wide mix of cultures in the UK. In London, there are foreign communities from most parts of the world. British people are usually tolerant to foreigners, and respect the freedom to have different opinions and beliefs. People usually feel free to express their own opinions and wear what they want. Don’t expect people to agree with you all of the time. British people have a strong sense of humor, but it can be hard for foreigners to understand when someone is joking. People often avoid talking to strangers until they have been introduced, partly to avoid any possible embarrassment. Individual ideas are encouraged. Arts and music are creative. British people are often not so good at working as a group. People are quite modest. They do not like to complain directly: life is peaceful, but when there is poor service it is not challenged and changed.
There is, in fact, a very wide variety of food available (both traditional British` food and international cuisine), especially in the bigger cities. There are many fresh ingredients which are delicious when cooked well. However, many busy people don’t pay much attention to preparing food well and prefer instant meals. It is increasingly popular for British people get a takeaway or go to a restaurant instead of cooking at home, and often this is used as a chance to try different types of food. Most towns have an Indian restaurant, serving foods such as curry and chicken tikka masala. Chinese restaurants are also very common. Many people like Italian pizza and pasta dishes. Fast food restaurants often serve beef burgers or fried chicken. Fish and chip shops are still popular, especially in towns by the coast.
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UK job market sees positive growth for a first quarter of the year, with total job applications, vacancies, and average salaries rising.
2017 has already been marked by a lot of change in the UK, especially now Brexit negotiations are firmly underway. As such, it is extremely positive to see that the UK job market has continued to go from strength to strength, according to new data from an independent job board, CV-Library.
Job applications, vacancies, and average salaries all saw impressive growth in the first quarter of the year. CV-Library’s Q1 job market report, which compared data from Q1 2017 with Q4 2016 and Q1 2016, found that job applications increase by 28.8 per cent. While this was to be expected, given that January is traditionally one of the busiest times in the recruitment calendar, applications also rose by 3.3 percent when compared to this time last year, suggesting a spike in candidate appetite despite underlying uncertainty in the UK.
Growth was particularly strong in some of the UK’s key cities, with Bristol (39 per cent), Cardiff (37 per cent) and Birmingham (36.4 percent) experiencing the sharpest increase in job applications. In terms of industries, manufacturing (up 45.5 percent), automotive (up 39.2 percent) and construction (up 38.3 percent) led the pack. Average advertised salaries experienced positive growth, with leading industries in the UK seeing strong salary increases when compared to the last quarter. The telecoms (8.7 percent), manufacturing (5.5 percent) and sales-led (3.4 per cent) sectors experienced the largest increases, while nationwide, average salaries saw an increase of 1.3 per cent year-on-year and 2.4 per cent when compared to the previous quarter. Total job vacancies have seen similarly encouraging growth, increasing by 14.5 percent when compared to the last quarter, highlighting the strong expansion aims of UK businesses, with job hunters more than happy to oblige.
The United Kingdom is the beautiful tourist destination for any age group of people. It is the sixth biggest tourism place in the world. Every year around 30 million people visit the United Kingdom and the nation has spent £ 21238 millions on tourism in 2007. It has many tourist attractions like Alton Tower and Buckingham Palace in London and many other beautiful experiences in Scotland and Wales. Cities like London, Edinburgh, and Glasgow are prominent for food, pubs, and traditional approach. The tourism department of UK has facilities many services for the convenience of both international and domestic tourists. Many universities provide campus tours for their students.
- Full name: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
- Population: 60.7 million (UN, 2007)
- Capital: London
- Area: 242,514 sq km (93,638 sq miles)
- Major language: English
- Major religion: Christianity
- Life expectancy: 77 years (men), 82 years (women) (UN)
- Monetary unit: 1 pound sterling = 100 pence
- Main exports: Manufactured goods, chemicals, foodstuffs
- GNI per capita: US $37,600 (World Bank, 2006)
- Internet domain: .uk
- International dialing code: +44